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Waqf, an Islamic jurisprudential term expresses it for a special kind of charity and donate for charity, is called on alms and donations that have the survival and continued, so that the benefit of the people over the years and centuries Ooojial. This means that the stay but things have taken advantage of the usefulness and yield and usefulness with the survival of the same thing and the continuation of the same period of time longer or shorter such as land, construction, and the well, and the tree.
And also expresses this sense cessation, it expressed also in prison, and confinement in Valoagaf terminology Feki synonymous. Indeed, it is seen by scholars of the language and idiomatically synonymous. Sheikh Judge Abu Abdullah conflict, said in his commentary on the Book border Ibn Arafa: jurists some crosses in prison, some of whom expressed cessation LV them stronger in Althabays, and they are in the language of Fezan synonymous, he said: and steadfast and stopped him, and said: jailed confinement called Maoagaf, called It is the source administration. As well as in custom legitimate (1).
The exact definition of jurisprudence for the stop, which scholars have varied phrases, depending on the position of some elements of the endowment and conditions, with the participation in the essential meaning. And without the need to review the various definitions and delve into the comparison and the trade-offs between them, I chose one of them is one of the easiest and most well, which is the definition of brand-Hanbali Muwaffaq al-Din ibn Qudaamah, where he said: It means: Thabays origin, Zbel fruit (2).
It strengthens this definition of words and meanings, being taken from the words of the Prophet, peace be upon him, in the words of Omar bin al-Khattab when consulted in the land to him: "Catch origin and ways of fruit", and will come talk Pettmamh shortly.
This definition includes the fact that the origin of the money becomes locked, or Mahbsa, will prevent dispose of it on his neighbor, and his heirs or others, and takes advantage of its utility and fruit who imprisoned them, the poor, or sick, or orphans, or mujahedeen, or science students, or passers-by or widows ... or toward them who locked up their habit.
Valthabays here means ending the right owner, the right of it could be construed by the king, ending the right of the king and prevent him from acting in it. And water-dispensing means making utility and use and use Mvuta the sake of God for the benefit of those who imprisoned them by the valve. This is the "ongoing charity," as he called the Prophet, peace be upon him in his well-known "If the son of Adam dies, his work except three: ongoing charity, or beneficial knowledge or a righteous child who prays for him." (1).